The mission profile video, released by the United Launch Alliance (ULA) this week, explains how a ULA Atlas V rocket will launch the robotic X-37B space plane on its latest mystery mission for the U.S. military. Liftoff is set for Saturday at 8:24 a.m. EDT (1224 GMT).
The Atlas V rocket will launch in its 501 configuration, with a Centaur upper stage — but no strap-on solid rocket boosters — for this flight. While ULA will offer a live webcast of the launch, the company will cut off that commentary five minutes into the flight at the request of the Space Force due to the mission’s classified nature. You can watch that X-37B launch webcast live here, courtesy of ULA, beginning about 20 minutes before liftoff.
A U.S. Air Force X-37B space plane, encapsulated ahead of a planned May 16, 2020, launch. That liftoff will kick off the sixth mission for the X-37B program. (Image credit: U.S. Air Force)
The U.S. Space Force and Air Force have two X-37B space planes, each of which resembles a small version of NASA’s space shuttles. They are 29 feet (8.8 meters) long, have a wingspan of 15 feet (4.6 m) and carry a solar array tucked in a payload bay to generate power.
The Boeing-built space plane was originally developed for NASA as a research spacecraft but was later transferred to the Defense Advanced Research Agency (DARPA) and ultimate the U.S. Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, where it now flies classified missions that can last years at a time.
The first X-37B mission, OTV-1, launched in April 2010 and lasted 224 days. The OTV-2 mission, which marked the first use of a second X-37B, launched in March 2011 and lasted 468 days. OTV-3, the first reflight of an X-37B, launched in December 2012 on a 674-day flight.
The OTV-4 mission, another vehicle reflight, launched in May 2015 and lasted 718 days. The most recent mission, OTV-5, launched in September 2017, lasted 780 days and landed in October 2019.
All X-37B space plane missions to date have been classified, with the exact activities of those flights shrouded in secrecy. However some details, such as specific experiments aboard, have been released by Air Force officials.
The X-37B on the OTV-6 mission will carry a small Air Force Academy satellite called FalconSat-8 that has five different experiments onboard. NASA has two experiments of its own on the mission to measure the impact of “radiation and other space effects on a materials sample plate and seeds used to grow food,” Space Force officials said in a statement.
Another view of the encapsulated X-37B, a robotic vehicle that’s about 29 feet (8.8 meters) long. (Image credit: U.S. Air Force)
The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory is flying a solar power-beaming experiment that will beam microwaves to Earth in a technology demonstration. To accommodate the experiments on OTV-6, this mission will carry a service module, Space Force officials have said.
“This will be the first X-37B mission to use a service module to host experiments,” Randy Walden, director of the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, said in the Space Force statement. “The incorporation of a service module on this mission enables us to continue to expand the capabilities of the spacecraft and host more experiments than any of the previous missions.”
Editor’s note: Visit Space.com Saturday, May 16, for live coverage of the X-37B OTV-6 launch, beginning at 8 a.m. EDT (1200 GMT).
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